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Festivals in Thailand

Date:2016-09-18Source:Yesaway


Festivals in Thailand


There are countless festivals and special events held in Thailand throughout the year. Listed below are some of the best-known annual Thai festivals and special events. 



January 1     New Year’s day    Also called "Wan Khun Pee Mai" in Thai    Public Holiday       


The New Year’s Day in Western calendar. International New Year is one of the three “new year”-related holidays celebrated in Thailand. Thai people celebrate New Year nationwide. However, the grand-scale celebrations take place in many areas in Bangkok and major provinces like Chiang Mai, Pattaya, and Phuket. 



Between January to February      Chinese New Year    1st - 3rd of the first lunar month     Non- Public Holiday 


The date of Chinese New Year falls in January or February every year. The celebration of the Chinese New Year remains the most important of annual festivals on the Chinese lunar calendar observed in the various regions of Thailand. Festive celebrations are typically staged in areas where there is a significant Thai-Chinese community such as the Yaowarat district in Bangkok and in the provinces of Suphan Buri, Ayutthaya, Chon Buri, Ratchaburi, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Sawan, Chiang Mai, Songkhla and Phuket.




February     Makha Bucha Day     15th of Third month in Thai Calendar      Public Holiday    


Makha Bucha Day (may alsobe called as Maka Puja) is an important public holiday in Thailand which commemorates the event where 1,250 of the Lord Buddha’s disciples spontaneously gathered to hear him preach. This day is now considered Day of Love in Buddhism, and particular holiday usually falls in February or March, but like many Buddhist holidays the exact date varies depending on the Thai lunar calendar.



April 6     Chakri Day    Public Holiday 


April 6 is Chakri Day in Thailand, a public holiday which commemorates the founding day of the royal Chakri Dynasty of which the present Thai monarch, HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej, is the ninth king (Rama IX).



From April 13 to April 15         Songkran      Also Thai New Year & Water Festival     Public Holiday    


Songkran is the New Year's Day in ancient celebrations, and probably the most popular holiday of the year. The "SONGKRAN" festival takes place during the hot season in the first half of April and is celebrated with the "throwing" of water, cleaning of Bhuda statues, and paying respect to the older members of the community.  During Songkran most local stores and businesses are closed and traffic can be very congested. Everyone gets wet, including police on duty, so protect your cameras and anything you don't want wet.

 


May 1     Labor Day    Public Holiday     


To celebrate the Labor Day,a great number of Thai labourers gather at Sanam Luang to join the festivities held by the government which include pop concerts, cultural shows, dances and a variety of fun activities and entertainment.



May 5     Coronation Day    Public Holiday   


In Thailand, May 5 is a public holiday to commemorate Coronation Day, known in Thai as Wan Chatramongkhol. His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej came to the throne in June 1946 following the death of his brother. However, the king was only 18 at the time and it was decided that the new monarch should complete his studies before the formal coronation ceremony which took place on May 5, 1950. The ninth king of the Chakri Dynasty.



May 10     Royal Ploughing Ceremony    Non  Public Holiday 


The Royal Ploughing Ceremony marks the start of the rice growing season.The date isn’t fixed as it depends on lunar calendar and astrological predictions, but it is usually held in May. Officials in ceremonial dress lead the oxen and Royal Plough around Sanam Luang, the large open space opposite the Grand Palace and Wat Phra Kaeo.



June       Visakha Bucha Day     15th of Sixth month in Thai Calendar    Public Holiday   


Visakha Bucha is one of the most important Buddhist holy days. This day is a religious event that commemorates the birth, the enlightenment and the death (entry into the nirvana) of Buddha. Temples through the country are crowded with people listening to sermons about Dharma (Buddha's teaching) and in the evening there is a candlelit procession around the main building of the temple containing the Buddha statues. As Vaisakh Bucha day happens on a Sunday, the following Monday is also a public holiday.



July        Khao Phansa Day / Buddhist Lent Day   16th of eight month  in Thai Calendar     Non  Public Holiday

 

This day is a religious event. It is the beginning of the Buddhist rain retreat which last three months. During this period monks are not allowed to sleep outside their temple. During these three months there are no important feasts in Thailand. Even traditional Thai marriage are not happening during this period because there are no monks at the ceremony.



August 12    H.M. the Queen's Birthday (also Mothers' Day)    Public Holiday


This public holiday is the day of all the mothers of Thailand. Especially the Queen, honored as the mother of all Thai people. On this day all the buildings of Thailand are covered up with symbols of the Royalty, of the King and the Queen. As the H.M The Queen's Birthday is a Sunday, the following Monday the 13th is also a public holiday.



October 23     Chulalongkorn Day     also known as Wan Piyamaharat   Public Holiday


This is a public holiday day to commemorate the Rama 5 or Chulalongkorn wise reign over Thailand. Thanks to him, Thailand did not become a French or English colony even if Thailand lost his leadership over Lao, Cambodia and the northern provinces of Malaysia. During his reign, Thailand became a modern country.



November     Loi Krathong      The first full-moon day of November    Non Public Holiday


Loi Krathong is the most romantic festival of this country, which is a religious event which happens every year on the full moon of the 12th lunar month. In the evening, people gather at the riverside to float krathongs, lotus-shaped vessels lovely decorated with flowers and lit candles, as a thanksgiving and worship to the Goddess of Water.



December 5      H.M. the King's Birthday (also Father's Day)       Public Holiday


This public holiday is the day of all the fathers of Thailand. Especially the King Rama IX, honored as the father of all Thai people. This day is the birthday of the current Thai King. All the buildings of Thailand are covered up with symbols of the monarchy, the King.

Each year in the evening of the 5th December, a free huge concert is organized in "SANAM LUANG", big garden in front of the "WAT PHRA KAEW" in Bangkok. It is a great honor for singers to be invited to play one song in the concert dedicated to the King. Some of them sing songs composed by the King himself. 



December 10     Constitution Day        Public Holiday  


It is to commemorate the day on which Thailand's first Constitution was promulgated by King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) in 1932.



December 31      New Year's Eve        Public Holiday      

  

This public holiday is the last day of the year and is celebrated with great fanfare, fireworks, banquets and toasts.